electromagnetic properties railway ballast research

Electromagnetic properties of railway ballast - ScienceDirect

To investigate whether the condition of the railway ballast can be classified by the dielectric constant, ε r, — or the velocity of propagation of electromagnetic waves. 2. The suitability of the 500 or the 900 MHz GPR antennas in providing adequate penetration and of producing clear images of acceptable resolution.

IET Digital Library: Characterisation of ballast materials ...

In recent years the use of high frequency GPR antennas such as the 2GHz horn antenna have become popular for railway trackbed evaluation due to their ability to help determine the extent of fouling within the ballast layer. Fouling of the ballast affects both its strength and drainage properties. The theory is based on the scattering behaviour of GPR signals in an inhomogeneous media ...

Assessment of Railway Track Substructure Condition using ...

Abstract. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) has been employed to assess railway track substructure (ballast, subballast, and subgrade) conditions. GPR involves transmitting radar pulses into the substructure and measuring return signals that have reflected off boundaries between substructure layers with different electromagnetic properties.

Geotechnical properties of ballast and ... - Research Online

Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. For further information contact the UOW Library: [email protected] Publication Details This article was originally published as Indraratna, B, Khabbaz, H, Salim, W and Christie, D, Geotechnical Properties of Ballast and …

Benchmarking large scale GPR experiments on railway ballast

Sep 01, 2015· Read "Benchmarking large scale GPR experiments on railway ballast, Construction and Building Materials" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

A Review of Methods for Estimating Ballast Degradation ...

Changes to the bulk ballast electromagnetic (EM) properties in turn affect GPR wave travel times, reflection strengths, and signal attenuation, while changes in air void size can directly impact the scattering behavior of GPR waves as they propagate through the ballast.

OPUS at UTS: Geotechnical Properties of Ballast and the ...

Geotechnical Properties of Ballast and the Role of Geosynthetics. ... The ballast and its engineering behaviour have a key role in governing the stability and performance of railway tracks. ... The possible use of different types of geosynthetics to improve the performance of fresh and recycled ballast was also investigated. The research ...

Railgun - Wikipedia

As rail/projectile clearances increase, arcing develops, which causes rapid vaporization and extensive damage to the rail surfaces and the insulator surfaces. This limited some early research railguns to one shot per service interval. The inductance and resistance of the rails and power supply limit the efficiency of a railgun design.

electromagnetic properties railway ballast research

electromagnetic properties railway ballast research. ... Electromagnetic Properties of Railway Ballast. NDT&E... Get Price. Production and Testing of Ballast - Transportation Research Board. the ballast properties can be expected to change in the track structure. None of ...avoid damage to rail, ties, and buried electrical systems; and. 13.

Ted Sussmann - hartford.edu

My research is focused on sustainable transportation infrastructure including rail, highway, and pipeline. The target of this research is characterization of material properties and evaluation of the influence of the materials on safety, life-cycle cost, and maintenance requirements to help improve sustainability of infrastructure investments.In graduate school I focused on infrastructure ...

Evaluating the Influence of Breakdown Fouling and Moisture ...

A complete study was performed to develop correlations between electromagnetic and mechanical properties of ballast. These correla tions can be used to predict the deformation properties of ballast and also its dynamic behavior under heavy axle load in …

Characterization of Rail Track Ballast Fouling Using ...

ballast and compacted earth through the main ballast section. A rail ballast bed acts as the main foundation above the capping layers and performs many roles for the proper functioning of the railway network. Rail ballast is a uniformly-graded coarse aggregate produced from crushing locally available rocks such as granite, basalt,

Evaluating the sensitivity of low-frequency ground ...

It was through the electromagnetic properties that the volumetric amount of fines and moisture present within the ballast and the type of subballast material were altered. The ground-penetrating radar response of each model was simulated using a finite-difference time-domain solver for Maxwell's equations (gprMax).

Indian Railways Small Track Machine Manual - …

Indian Railways Practices : The dynamic effects on track is calculated by Dynamic Sub Nominal Wagon Load (tonnes) Small Wavelength effects Dynamic effect out by deploying machine, as manual deep screening is not of much use. electromagnetic properties railway ballast research ·

Non-Destructive Evaluation of Railway Track Using Ground ...

Non-Destructive Evaluation of Railway Track Using Ground Penetrating Radar SUMMARY The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) Office of Research and Development sponsored a study under the Track and Structures Program for evaluating railway track conditions using ground-penetrating radar (GPR). The track conditions targeted by the GPR research ...

Non-destructive Assessment and Health Monitoring of ...

Clark MR, Gillespie R, Kemp T et al (2001) Electromagnetic properties of railway ballast. NDT E Int 34:305–311 CrossRef Google Scholar Clark M, Gordon M, Forde MC (2004) Issues over high-speed non-invasive monitoring of railway trackbed.

Railroad Subgrade Support and Performance Indicators

railway research exists. Section 4 covers some of the new rail-bound, continuous testing ... subgrade as an integral part of the trackbed that operates in harmony with the sub-ballast, ballast, ties, and rail. Most trackbeds in the U.S., in contrast with those of the European and Asian ... to the soil's shear strength properties and whether ...

ballast protection against sand storm in railway

Ballast Stone Waste For New Rail alanglover.co.za. ballast stone waste for new rail in india Track used on British railway lines Bessimer steel had become the norm for all new track. Rail slate was common in the. Contact supplier ballast protection against sand storm in railway Ballast Stone Waste For New Rail In IndiaHenan . Gulin provide the ...

STATE-OF-THE-ART DESIGN ASPECTS OF ... - Railway Research

STATE-OF-THE-ART DESIGN ASPECTS OF BALLASTED RAIL TRACKS INCORPORATING PARTICLE BREAKAGE, ROLE OF CONFINING PRESSURE AND GEOSYNTHETIC REINFORCEMENT Buddhima Indraratna Professor and Head, School of Civil, Mining & Environmental Engineering, Director, Centre for Geomechanics and Railway Engineering,

Benchmarking large scale GPR experiments on railway ...

Sep 01, 2015· Benchmarking large scale GPR experiments on railway ballast. ... Analysis of electromagnetic properties of railway ballast ; ... The above research at TTCI was conducted on ballast composed of a clean layer of ballast, over a mixed layer of ballast, over a spent layer of ballast, all of varying thicknesses using horn antennas. ...

Laboratory investigations for the electromagnetic ...

In this work a numerical model capable to predict the electromagnetic response of railway ballast aggregates under different physical conditions has been calibrated and validated by a simulation ...

2012 Performance of geogrids stabilised fouled ballast in ...

Research Online University of Wollongong Thesis Collection University of Wollongong Thesis Collections 2012 Performance of geogrids stabilised fouled ballast in rail tracks Ngoc Trung Ngo University of Wollongong Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. For further information contact the UOW

ballast protection against sand storm in railway

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Dynamic properties of railway track and its components : a ...

dynamic stresses. For example, a rail vibration could lead to defects in rails or wheels. The track vibrations can cause the crack damage in railway sleepers or fasteners, or even the breakage of ballast support. Therefore, the identification of dynamic properties of railway track and its

Ballast evaluation using ground-penetrating radar ...

4. Clark M, Gillespie R, Kemp T, McCann D and Forde M. Electromagnetic Properties of Railway Ballast. Proc 1st Int Conf: Railway Engineering-98, Engineering Technics Press, Edinburgh, pp21-27, 1998. CAPTION: An experimental section of track with differing ballast conditions was built to verify the laboratory trials with ground-penetrating radar

(PDF) Railroad Ballast Evaluation Using Ground-Penetrating ...

Railroad Ballast Evaluation Using Ground-Penetrating Radar Article (PDF Available) in Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2159(-1):110-117 · December 2010 ...

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Characterisation of ballast materials in trackbed using ...

This paper conducts an investigation of the GPR scattering response to the railway ballast aggregate layer by providing a comprehensive study of factors affecting the radar signal including; ballast grading (particle size distribution), particle shape, void size and the electromagnetic properties of the ballast (dielectric, conductivity ...